What is Hypothyroidism – Causes, Symptoms, Diet & Treatment of Under Active Thyroid

The thyroid gland is one of the fourteen glands present in our body. Although this gland is not as large as the liver, it has some prominent roles it needs to fulfill. When this thyroid gland fails to do its function, whether it may be the malfunction of the thyroid gland or because of high TSH levels, the result is the same. Then, there is a drastic change in the body’s metabolic activities. So, in all this mess the thyroid problems have made ūüė• At first, Let us know¬†What is Hypothyroidism? Hypothyroidism is another name for a thyroid disease caused due to the underactive thyroid gland or low thyroid. The thyroid hormones known as T3 and T4 are important for the metabolism of fat and calories deposited in our body and turning them into energy required by our body to work.¬†

Forthwith that you have procured every ounce of knowledge about the thyroid gland and the functions of it, I think it is time for you to learn something about what is hypothyroidism. As we cannot just stop by learning what is hypothyroidism, it has become important to know about the detailed background about the hypothyroidism which primarily includes what causes hypothyroidism, low thyroid symptoms, the best diet plan for hypothyroidism. Knowing the foods to avoid thyroid symptoms also helps.

Apart from, following the iodine rich foods, it is of importance to know the yoga and exercises for thyroid control. With a healthy lifestyle, you can definitely, maintain the underactive thyroid symptoms at bay, by ensuring the thyroid function. 

[Read More] Overview of Thyroid Gland & Its Functions

What is Hypothyroidism

What is Hypothyroidism? [In Detail]

Now, a few ignorant minds ūüėõ wonder why it is important to learn what is hypothyroidism? Our thoughts are like “Isn’t it enough to know¬†the causes and prevent the thyroid issues.” And, We hardly try to know the symptoms of low thyroid. That’s¬†is right. At the max, few might be interested in healthy lifestyle changes like eating habits and¬†foods high in iodine comprise the¬†diet. But sadly, this is not just enough. If you¬†ask a person, who was unable to know¬†what is hypothyroidism in time top, we cannot stop the thyroid condition worsening.

When left untreated¬†for a prolonged period of time, the symptoms of underactive thyroid lead to a life-threatening condition like myxedema coma. So, don’t miss the chance and take¬†a long and good look at what is hypothyroidism and natural remedies for hypothyroidism with useful knowledge on the causes of hypothyroidism and lose the¬†thyroid weight gain.

Hypothyroidism Definition

The first thing that needs to be discussed is the relation between hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism is a condition of low thyroid or underactive thyroid whereas hyperthyroidism is just the opposite. To know more about hyperthyroidism check What is hyperthyroidism instead of what is hypothyroidism. To rightfully answer your question on what is hypothyroidism you need to revisit the first paragraph which discusses the detailed explanation of the thyroid gland and what are the thyroid disorders that may follow. Anyway, to answer what is hypothyroidism in a simple way, here it goes.

Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid is a condition in which the thyroid gland is unable to produce enough thyroid hormones (T3 & T4) which are important for proper metabolism of our body. Due to the lack of required thyroid hormones, the function of conversion of fats, calories, and carbohydrates into energy has been put to stop. So, that the hypothyroid victims usually gain some weight. This condition may last for a few years or can turn chronic. Lab tests mainly Thyroid blood test is required to confirm the presence of the symptoms of thyroid problem and hypothyroidism.

Secondary Hypothyroid

When the hypothyroidism is caused due to the malfunction of gland other than the thyroid gland is known as secondary hypothyroidism. For complete information about the secondary hypothyroidism please refer to the link given below.

[ADDTIONAL READ] Complete Information on Secondary Hypothyroid

What Causes Hypothyroidism?

The immediate response after learning what is hypothyroidism is that of panic. And questions like what if we are on the verge of showing hypothyroidism symptoms. Some even complain that they might be experiencing the hypothyroid symptoms themselves and the gaga goes on. But, everyone gaining a few pounds a week, need not worry. It might be due to the unhealthy, unbalanced and calorie-rich diets that everyone is munching on nowadays. So, what are the causes of hypothyroidism or what causes hypothyroidism? The main and crucial hypothyroidism causes that everyone needs to look at are the following. These cause of hypothyroidism mentioned here can be quintessential to prevent the hypothyroidism signs and symptoms, which includes:

  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Pituitary disorder
  • Congenital disease
  • Treatment for hyperthyroidism (Inappropriate dosage)
  • Iodine deficiency
  • Radiation therapy
  • Pregnancy
  • Thyroid surgery and
  • Certain medications.

[Related Read] Full information on consequences of High TSH levels

Hypothyroidism Symptoms

The main¬†symptoms of hypothyroidism include the following. But to understand the complete list of¬†hypothyroid symptoms,¬†Click here¬†or check the link given below. If you are looking for gender-specific symptoms related you specific gender then you can find them by following the below-given links. This¬†signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism are unisexual and are the common¬†symptoms hypothyroidism.¬†Read the¬†symptoms of hypothyroidism in women. Also, don’t wait to check the¬†symptoms of hypothyroidism in men. The symptoms of hypothyroidism mentioned here are only the most striking symptoms. To know all the hypothyroidism symptoms please visit hypothyroidism symptoms.

  • Fatigue
  • Sensitivity to cold
  • Enlarged thyroid
  • Slow heart rate
  • Myxedema Coma
  • Depression
  • Hair loss
  • Memory Loss
  • Weight Gain

[Must Read] Major Hypothyroidism Symptoms in Humans

Hypothyroidism Diets that Work

After clear learning about what is hypothyroidism, I know you have also ventured into the topics of symptoms and causes of hypothyroidism. Now you can also learn about the hypothyroidism diet plan that works really fast. You might not be able to ward off the hypothyroid diseases as a whole, but it can stop the spread of the signs of hypothyroidism in its tracks. And also is helpful in losing weight healthily. Going through the list of best foods for hypothyroidism helps you in avoiding the zero calorie diets you might be planning on. For a successful low carb weight loss, you need to think smart.

And of course hard work is required and you need to give up on some of the foods which might be enticing your eyes but not for your health. But who are you doing it for? Isn’t it for you hypothyroidism weight gain. This¬†diet for hypothyroidism helps in apprehending what are the foods to avoid with hypothyroidism. Thyroid supplements can fill the place of¬†nutrition plan or the list of foods to eat for hypothyroidism to lose weight but are you ready to take up something unknown for a lifetime when you can just simply modify your diet in accordance with the hypothyroidism. So, I think now you have understood the importance of¬†the hypothyroid diet and what is hypothyroidism too. Now that you are clear, look at the sample list of¬†thyroid diet with the¬†foods good for hypothyroidism.

  • Eggs
  • Meats
  • Fish
  • Dairy
  • Water and fruit juices
  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Thyroid Gluten-free grains and seeds such as Rice, quinoa, chia seeds, and flaxseeds.

[Also Read] Download Complete Hypothyroidism Diet Plan That Works

Foods to avoid with Hypothyroidism

It is not enough if you know diet for hypothyroid and losing weight. OK, what is the use of indulging in the autoimmune thyroid diet just to losing weight hypothyroidism? You need to know what are the foods to avoid for weight loss with hypothyroid. So, that there can be a ray of hope for hypothyroid weight loss. Anyway, now that you are way past the point of knowing what is hypothyroidism, just scroll down and look at the foods to avoid with hypothyroid. First of all, you need to take only the best diet for hypothyroidism. Avoid high-calorie diets. 

  • Highly processed and packaged foods
  • Preservatives
  • Millets
  • Soy-containing foods
  • Supplements should be avoided unless they are prescribed ones.¬†
  • Foods with¬†gluten¬†
  • Few types of fruits such as pears, Peaches, and strawberries etc.
  • Cruciferous vegetables like Broccoli, cabbage, kale, spinach, etc.
  • Beverages like coffee, tea etc.

You can find the online diet planner hypothyroid nutrition healthy eating from My Thyroid Problems.

Best Yoga for Thyroid Problem

You might find it hard to believe about the yoga for thyroid and weight loss which is really effective. Once you try the yoga poses for thyroid, you can see the change in hypothyroid and cholesterol levels of the body. Practicing the simple yoga mudra for thyroid, not only reduce high cholesterol and hypothyroidism and muscle weakness is also cured or at least brought to control when followed with the diet program. Read below to find out the best yoga for thyroid treatment and also yoga for curing thyroid. 

Wondering how to get and read this yoga for thyroid control offline, well guess what, now you can download the yoga for thyroid pdf. Hopefully, this solves your question on how to lose weight with a thyroid problem. The following are the yoga exercises for thyroid patients.

  1. Bridge Pose (Setu Bandhasana)
  2. Cat Stretch (Marjariasana)
  3. Child Pose (Shishuasana)
  4. Corpse Pose (Shavasana)
  5. Plow Pose (Halasana)
  6. Shoulder Stand (Sarvangasana)
  7. Inverted Pose (Viparita Karani)
  8. One-Legged Forward Bend (Janu Shirasasana)
  9. Fish Pose (Matsyasana)

How to practice these yoga asanas for thyroid and does they help in coping up with the symptoms of hypothyroidism. For answers to this question which have started to pop in your mind follow the link given below. 

[Learn more] How Exercises and Yoga for Thyroid Patients are useful

Hypothyroidism Treatment

Now that you have read and hopefully understood the lifestyle changes that one need to adopt it is high time that you are also aware of the different hypothyroidism treatments that exist. As already discussed this hypothyroidism treatment along with the perfect lifestyle which basically includes the hypothyroidism diet and yoga f0r thyroid is the best cure for the underactive thyroid gland. Now there is a possibility that the victims of low thyroid levels may take a chance on using the medications for hypothyroidism and avoid them totally. But if it happens, then the person has to suffer from the consequences that follow i.e, the complications mentioned below.

In general, the hypothyroidism treatment involves the following types. For more information regarding them please click on the link below.

  1. Hormone replacement therapy
  2. Thyroid Drugs
  3. Hypothyroidism Natural Treatment 

[Check More] Hypothyroidism Treatment Explained 

Natural Remedies for Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism can also be aided by using the natural remedies for hypothyroidism which include the following. 

  1. Coconut oil
  2. Apple cider vinegar
  3. Ginger
  4. Flax Seeds
  5. Bone Broth
  6. Fish Oil
  7. Essential Oils
  8. Iodine
  9. Sea Weed

[Read More] Natural Remedies for Hypothyroidism

Consequences of Untreated Hypothyroidism

When hypothyroidism or low thyroid gland is left untreated for several months to years, then this may lead to a life-threatening condition known as the Myxedema Coma. This myxedema coma might be fatal and can lead to death too. So, instead, of letting it go too far, my best suggestion would be to get the thyroid diagnosed and get treated with the best hypothyroidism treatment as soon as possible.

When a person is suffering from myxedema coma which is the extreme of hypothyroidism they complain about the loss of brain function due to the continuity of the low level of thyroid hormones in the blood. Most of the time untreated hypothyroidism leads to mental decline, heart diseases or palpitations, reduced lung capacity, and an abnormal increase in the thyroid gland.

[READ MORE] Define Myxedema Coma- Symptoms, Causes & Treatment 

Complications of Hypothyroidism

If you are the one who diagnosed with hypothyroidism and not taking proper medication and care to your thyroid disorder then you are putting yourself at higher risk. As a part of hypothyroid treatment, you need to invade the causes of hypothyroidism which can relatively lower the complications. But if at all you neglected your hypothyroid disorder then you have to face the illness such as birth defects, Goiter, Infertility, Cardiac Problems, Mental Health issues, Myxedema etc. If you are still don’t have an idea about the complications of hypothyroidism check out the below link to get detailed information.

[Must Read] Check the Complications of Hypothyroidism here

Final Words 

Finally, Browse My Thyroid Problems for something more about Thyroid gland and its uses in our body. You can also acquire the hyperthyroidism related articles along with these hypothyroidism related ones. I promise, although you might not be having hypo or hyperthyroidism, you will gain awareness about the knowledgeable articles of the thyroid.


Word Meaning
TSH Thyroid Stimulating Hormone
Triiodothyronine T3 hormone produced by the Thyroid gland
Hypothyroidism Thyroid gland cant produce enough Thyroid hormones (T3, T4)
Thyroid Hormones T3, T4, and Calcitonin
Goiter swelling of the thyroid gland
T4 Thyroxine

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